Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a potentially life-threatening intestinal disorder that affects infants. It is caused by damage to the intestines. The damaged tissue results in the activation of proinflammatory intracellular cascades, which worsen the situation. Although an infectious etiology is not known, some evidence suggests it may be caused by a virus or bacteria. Infections in the intestines are often accompanied by other symptoms.
Necrotizing enterocolitis is typically a complication of prematurity, a condition that involves the intestines. Though the disorder can affect any newborn, it is most common in premature infants. Symptoms of this disease include severe pain in the abdomen, vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. If the case is severe, the baby may develop permanent damage to the intestine.
Necrotizing enterocolitis can occur in babies with a history of gastrointestinal infections, but it can also happen to full-term babies with health issues. The illness generally develops within the first few weeks of life. A doctor can confirm the diagnosis by observing the infant’s intestines. An X-ray may show air in the intestines, and a drawing of intestinal fluid is another sign of a hole in the intestine.
In addition to a baby’s symptoms, doctors may use a special test to detect the cause of the condition. For neonates, nitric oxide-mediated intestinal barrier failure is the most likely cause of NEC. Despite its nonspecific nature, this disease is still fatal for neonates. There are no specific tests for NEC, and it is difficult to diagnose the condition. While there is no cure for the underlying condition, if the infection can be controlled, it will result in a long-term gastrointestinal problem.
A baby’s gastrointestinal infection may increase the chances of developing necrotizing enterocolitis. However, full-term babies who suffer from certain health problems are also at risk of developing the condition. The symptoms of NEC are nonspecific, and the doctor will only know for sure after examining the infant’s intestines. When the intestines are damaged, an x-ray may reveal a hole in the bowel. Wanting additional visit Necrotizing enterocoltis
A blood test may be necessary to diagnose the condition. Blood tests and abdominal x-rays may be required to confirm the diagnosis. If the disease is severe enough, the baby may need to undergo surgery or undergo an ileostomy, which removes the dead bowel tissue. If the infection is severe, the infant may need to be removed. This may result in life-threatening complications. Some cases of necrotizing enterocolitis can be fatal and lead to ongoing problems with digestion.